इतिहास, विज्ञानं, अर्थशास्त्र से जुडी दुनियांभर की ऐसी जानकारियां जो आपके लिए बहुत अहम् हैं!

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हर इंसान अपने जीवन में कोई मुकाम हासिल करना चाहता है, हर देश दूसरे देशों से आगे निकलना चाहता है, हमें अख़बारों, टीवी समाचारों, किताबों से बहुत सारी जानकारियां मिलती हैं,

यहाँ आपके लिए कुछ ऐसी जानकारियां दे रहे हैं जो बहुत अहम् हैं

ASIA: Unemployment

Oman: 17.5%
Iraq: 14.8%
Iran: 11.9%
Afghanistan: 8.5%
Mongolia: 7.3%
Pakistan: 5.9%
Saudi: 5.8%
Indonesia: 5.5%
Philippines: 5.3%
Bangladesh: 4.1%
Myanmar: 4.1%
China: 3.9%
Israel: 3.8%
UAE: 3.7%
S Korea: 3.6%
Japan: 2.5%
Vietnam: 2%
Laos: 1.5%
Qatar: 0.1%
==========
US mass shootings.

Las Vegas, 2017: 50+ killed

Orlando, 2016: 50 killed

Virginia Tech, 2007: 32 killed

Sandy Hook, 2012: 27 killed

San Ysirdo, 1984: 21 killed

San Bernadino, 2015: 14 killed

Edmond, 1986: 14 killed

Fort Hood, 2009: 13 killed

Columbine, 1999: 13 killed
============
AFRICA: Unemployment

Congo: 46%
Namibia: 34%
Gambia: 29%
South Africa: 27%
Angola: 26%
Libya: 19%
Nigeria: 19%
Botswana: 18%
Ethiopia: 17%
Rwanda: 17%
Tunisia: 15.5%
Sudan: 13%
Algeria: 12%
Kenya: 11%
Tanzania: 10%
Morocco: 10%
Mali: 8%
Ghana: 5.7%
Cameroon: 4.5%
Niger: 2.6%
============
Women who think equal pay is a top issue facing women, 2016.

Sweden: 43%
Belgium: 38%
Germany: 37%
Chile: 35%
France: 33%
US: 33%
UK: 31%
Canada: 30%
Australia: 27%
Hungary: 25%
==========
Received EU citizenship, 2016.

Moroccans: 101,300
Albanians: 67,500
Indians: 41,700
Pakistanis: 32,900
Turks: 32,800
Romanians: 29,700
Ukrainians: 24,100
Algerians: 23,400
Russians: 22,400
Brazilians: 21,500

(Eurostat)
=============
Share of population with electricity access, 2014

US: 100%
EU: 100%
China: 100%
Russia: 100%
Japan: 100%

Brazil: 99.7%
Mexico: 99.2%
Pakistan: 97.5%
Indonesia: 97%
South Africa: 86%
India: 79%
Nigeria: 57%
Kenya: 36%
N Korea: 32%
Ethiopia: 27%
South Sudan: 4.5%

(World Bank)
============
People killed in 2015 by:

Mosquitoes: 830,000
Humans: 580,000
Snakes: 60,000
Sandflies: 24.200
Dogs: 17,400
Kissing Bugs: 8,000
Scorpions: 3,500
Tsetse flies: 3,500
Tapeworms: 1,600
Crocodiles: 1,000
Lions: 100
Bees: 60
Tigers: 50
Jellyfish: 40
Wolves: 10
Sharks: 6

(Gatesnotes)
============
Best airlines for 2018.

1. Singapore Airlines
2. Air New Zealand
3. Emirates
4. Japan Airlines
5. EVA Air
6. Southwest Airlines
7. Jet2
8. Qatar Airways
9. Azul
10. Korean Air

(TripAdvisor)
===========
Impact of organised crime (of 137 countries)

1. El Salvador
2. Honduras
3. Venezuela

4. Mexico
11. Pakistan
15. Italy
16. South Africa
17. Brazil
28. Nigeria
37. Indonesia
47. Iran
49. India
52. Russia
66. Turkey
81. US
90. France
93. Canada
103. Japan
110. UK
117. Saudi

(WEF)
==============
Manufacturing value added as share of GDP.

Ireland: 34.7%
S Korea: 29.3%
Germany: 22.9%
Indonesia: 21.3%
Mexico: 19.1%
Turkey: 18.8%
India: 16.5%
Argentina: 16.4%
Russia: 13.7%
Saudi: 12.9%
US: 12.3%
Brazil: 11.7%
France: 11.4%
UK: 10.1%
UAE: 9.5%
Nigeria: 8.8%

(World Bank)
===============
Students per qualified teacher in primary school.

Ethiopia: 118
West Bank and Gaza: 50
Zimbabwe: 49
Cambodia: 44.6
Philippines: 31.5
Egypt: 27.2
Iran: 25.9
Colombia: 25.8
Jamaica: 23.1
Ukraine: 19.9
Thailand: 15.4
Malaysia: 11.4
Qatar: 11.2
Cuba: 11.1
Saudi: 10.8

(World Bank)
==============
Women as share of population.

Russia: 53.5%
Poland: 51.7%
Italy: 51.3%
Japan: 51.2%
Argentina: 51.1%
France: 50.8%
Brazil: 50.8%
Germany: 50.8%
Turkey: 50.8%
UK: 50.7%
US: 50.5%
Australia: 50.2%
Indonesia: 49.6%
Nigeria: 49.3%
China: 48.5%
India: 48.2%
Oman: 34.6%

(World Bank)
=============
Believe Stalin played a very or mostly postive role in history, 2016.

Russia: 58%
Georgia: 57%
Armenia: 38%
Bulgaria: 33%
Romania: 29%
Ukraine: 16%
Latvia: 11%
Estonia: 9%
Hungary: 9%
Lithuania: 8%
Poland: 6%

(Pew Research)
==========
Share of population with electricity access, 2014.

US: 100%
EU: 100%
China: 100%
Russia: 100%
Japan: 100%

Brazil: 99.7%
Mexico: 99.2%
Pakistan: 97.5%
Indonesia: 97%
South Africa: 86%
India: 79%
Nigeria: 57%
Kenya: 36%
N Korea: 32%
Ethiopia: 27%
South Sudan: 4.5%

(World Bank)
=============

Projected GDP (nominal) in 2022. ($ trillion)

US: 23.5
China: 18.4
Japan: 5.5
Germany: 4.4
India: 3.9
France: 3.1
UK: 2.9
Brazil: 2.6
Italy: 2.2
Canada: 2
Russia: 1.8
Australia: 1.7
Indonesia: 1.6
Spain: 1.6
Turkey: 1.1
Netherlands: 1
Argentina: 0.87
Saudi: 0.81
Nigeria: 0.63
============
Share of women over 25 who completed Masters degree.

Portugal: 16%
Switzerland: 15%
Israel: 13%
Belgium: 11.7%
US: 11.6%
Sweden: 10.9%
Germany: 10%
Netherlands: 9.3%
UK: 8.9%
Norway: 8.9%
France: 7.2%
Australia: 6.4%
Turkey: 1.4%
South Africa: 1.1%
Indonesia: 0.4%

(World Bank)
========
Births per 1000 women aged 15 to 19, in 2015.

Nigeria: 109
Brazil: 66
Mexico: 62
South Africa: 44
Indonesia: 49
Turkey: 26
India: 23
Russia: 22
US: 21
UK: 13
Australia: 13
Poland: 13
Canada: 9
France: 8
Saudi: 8
China: 7
Germany: 6
Italy: 6
Japan: 4

(World Bank)
============
Share of males who survive to the age of 65.

Iceland: 90%
Australia: 89%
Italy: 89%
Netherlands: 89%
Japan: 88%
Canada: 88%
UK: 87%
Germany: 85%
France: 84%
China: 83%
US: 81%
Saudi: 80%
Turkey: 78%
Brazil: 72%
Indonesia: 67%
India: 66%
Russia: 56%
Nigeria: 44%

(World Bank)
=============
Share of women over 25 who completed Bachelor degree.

Qatar: 36.1%
Singapore: 25.5%
Australia: 24.7%
Israel: 22.1%
US: 20.7%
Netherlands: 17%
UK: 17%
Italy: 15.1%
Sweden: 15.1%
Turkey: 13%
Mexico: 11.8%
France: 9.9%
Germany: 9.7%
Indonesia: 7.7%
India: 6.7%

(World Bank)
==============
Continuous years in power as head of state or government:

Putin: 18
Erdogan: 15
Merkel: 13
Netanyahu: 9
Xi Jinping: 5
Abe: 5
Modi: 4
Widodo: 3.5
Salman: 3
Trudeau: 2.5
Turnbull: 2.5
May: 1.5
Temer: 1.5
Trump: 1
Macron: 1
===============
Births per 1000 women aged 15 to 19, in 2015.

Nigeria: 109
Brazil: 66
Mexico: 62
South Africa: 44
Indonesia: 49
Turkey: 26
India: 23
Russia: 22
US: 21
UK: 13
Australia: 13
Poland: 13
Canada: 9
France: 8
Saudi: 8
China: 7
Germany: 6
Italy: 6
Japan: 4

(World Bank)
============
Share of women over 25 who completed Masters degree.

Portugal: 16%
Switzerland: 15%
Israel: 13%
Belgium: 11.7%
US: 11.6%
Sweden: 10.9%
Germany: 10%
Netherlands: 9.3%
UK: 8.9%
Norway: 8.9%
France: 7.2%
Australia: 6.4%
Turkey: 1.4%
South Africa: 1.1%
Indonesia: 0.4%

(World Bank)
==============
Hours spent online via a mobile device, per day. (hours and minutes)

Brazil: 4:48
China: 3:03
US: 2:37
Italy: 2:34
Spain: 2:11
S Korea: 2:10
Canada: 2:10
UK: 2:09
Germany: 1:37
France: 1:32

(Statista)
============
EUROPE: Youth Unemployment

Greece: 45%
Spain: 36%
Serbia: 33%
Italy: 31%
Cyprus: 24%
Portugal: 22%
France: 22%
Belgium: 16%
Sweden: 14%
Poland: 14%
Ireland: 13%
UK: 12%
Hungary: 11%
Denmark: 10%
Norway: 9.4%
Austria: 9.4%
Netherlands: 7.2%
Germany: 6.2%
Iceland: 4.1%
=============
Best student cities, 2017.

1. Montreal
2. Paris
3. London
4. Seoul
5. Melbourne
6. Berlin
7. Tokyo
8. Boston
9. Munich
10. Vancouver
11. Hong Kong
12. Toronto
13. Sydney
14. Singapore
15. Zurich
16. Vienna
17. Kyoto
18. Edinburgh
19. New York
20. Brisbane

(QS)
===========
American adults who use:

YouTube: 73%
Facebook: 68%
Instagram: 35%
Pinterest: 29%
Snapchat: 27%
LinkedIn: 25%
Twitter: 24%
WhatsApp: 22%

(Pew Research)
==============
Best work-life balance, 2018. (of 38 countries)

1. Netherlands
2. Denmark
3. France

4. Spain
6. Norway
8. Germany
9. Russia
15. Italy
20. Canada
25. Poland
26. Brazil
28. UK
30. US
31. Australia
32. South Africa
34. Japan
35. S Korea
36. Israel
37. Mexcio
38. Turkey

(OECD)
============
Exports to the world

1986

US: $211 billion
China: $27 billion

2016

US: $1330 billion
China: $1980 billion
============
Safest cities, 2017. (out of 60 cities)

1. Tokyo
2. Singapore
3. Osaka

6. Sydney
10. Zurich
11. Frankfurt
15. San Francisco
18. LA
19. Chicago
20. London
21. NYC
24. Paris
27. Rome
32. Beijing
36. Shanghai
40. Istanbul
41. Moscow
43. Delhi
47. Riyadh
57. Jakarta

(Economist)
============
Government budget as share of GDP.

UK

2014: 5.7% deficit
2015: 4.3% deficit
2016: 3% deficit
2017: 3% deficit

France

2014: 4% deficit
2015: 3.6% deficit
2016: 3.4% deficit
2017: 2.9% deficit

Germany

2014: 0.3% surplus
2015: 0.7% surplus
2016: 0.8% surplus
2017: 0.6% surplus
===============
Home ownership, 2016.

Romania: 96%
Croatia: 90%
Hungary: 86%
Poland: 83%
Norway: 82%
Malta: 81%
Spain: 77%
Portugal: 75%
Greece: 73%
Italy: 72%
Belgium: 71%
Netherlands: 69%
France: 64%
UK: 63%
Austria: 55%
Germany: 51%
Switzerland: 42%

(Eurostat)
=============
Projected GDP PPP in 2050. ($ trillion)

China: 58.5
India: 44.1
US: 34.1
Indonesia: 10.5
Brazil: 7.5
Russia: 7.1
Mexico: 6.8
Japan: 6.7
Germany: 6.1
UK: 5.3
Turkey: 5.1
France: 4.7
Saudi Arabia: 4.6
Nigeria: 4.3

(PwC)
=============
Education

– Putin: Law
 – Trump: Economics
– Macron: Philosophy
– May: Geography
– Erdogan: Business
– Abe: Political science
– Modi: Political science
– Merkel: PhD in physical chemistry
– Xi Jinping: Chemical engineering and Doctor of Law
=============
Unemployment.

Palestinian Territories: 24.5%
Jordan: 18.5%
Oman: 17.5%
Tunisia: 15.5%
Iraq: 14.8%
Sudan: 13.3%
Iran: 11.9%
Algeria: 11.7%
Egypt: 11.3%
Turkey: 10.4%
Lebanon: 6.7%
Saudi Arabia: 5.8%
Bahrain: 4%
Israel: 3.8%
UAE: 3.7%
Kuwait: 2.4%
Qatar: 0.1%
=============
Sum of average PISA science, maths and reading scores, 2015.

Singapore: 1655
Japan: 1586
Canada: 1571
S Korea: 1557
China: 1543
Ireland: 1528
Germany: 1524
Netherlands: 1524
Norway: 1513
Poland: 1511
Australia: 1507
UK: 1499
France: 1487
Russia: 1476
Spain: 1475
US: 1463

(OECD)
============
Employment rate.

Mexico: 96.8%
Nigeria: 81.2%
Greece: 78.8%
Germany: 75.6%
UK: 75.3%
Sweden: 67.7%
Poland: 66.5%
France: 65.7%
Spain: 62.5%
Australia: 62%
Canada: 61.7%
US: 60.4%
S Korea: 60.2%
Japan: 59.3%
Russia: 59.3%
Italy: 58.1%
Brazil: 53.9%
Turkey: 48%
South Africa: 43%
==============
Household debt as share of GDP, 2017.

Switzerland: 127%
Australia: 121%
Canada: 100%
S Korea: 94%
UK: 86.5%
US: 78.5%
Spain: 62%
France: 58%
Greece: 58%
Japan: 57%
Germany: 53%
China: 48%
Italy: 41%
Brazil: 21.6%
Turkey: 17%
Indonesia: 17%
Russia: 16%
Saudi: 14%
India: 11%
============
Proven oil reserves. (billion barrels)

Venezuela: 300.8
Saudi: 266.4
Canada: 169.7
Iran: 158.4
Iraq: 142.5
Kuwait: 101.5
UAE: 97.8
Russia: 80
Libya: 74
US: 39.2
Nigeria: 37
Kazakhstan: 30
China: 25.6

Bahrain: 0.1 (before discovery of 80 billion barrels)

(Source: US EIA)
=============
US government debt.

1998: $5.5 trillion
2008: $10 trillion
2018: $21 trillion

US government debt as share of GDP.

1998: 60%
2008: 67%
2018: 107%
===============
Cities by total wealth. ($ trillion)

New York City: 3
London: 2.7
Tokyo: 2.5
San Francisco: 2.3
Beijing: 2.2
Shanghai: 2
Los Angeles: 1.4
Hong Kong: 1.3
Sydney: 1
Singapore: 1
Chicago: 0.98
Mumbai: 0.95
Toronto: 0.94
Frankfurt: 0.91
Paris: 0.86

(New World Wealth)
==============
Nuclear warheads, 2018.

Russia: 6800
US: 6600
France: 300
China: 270
UK: 215
Pakistan: 140
India: 130
Israel: 80
North Korea: 20

(Federation of American Scientists)
=================
Practising doctors per 1000 people, last available year.

Austria: 5.1
Norway: 4.4
Switzerland: 4.2
Germany: 4.1
Russia: 3.9
Italy: 3.9
Spain: 3.8
Australia: 3.5
Netherlands: 3.4
Israel: 3.4
France: 3.1
Ireland: 2.9
UK: 2.8
Canada: 2.5
US: 2.5
S Korea: 2.3
India: 0.7

(OECD)
===============
Countries with AAA credit rating according to S&P.

– Australia
– Canada
– Denmark
– Germany
– Liechtenstein
– Luxembourg
– Netherlands
– Norway
– Singapore
– Sweden
– Switzerland
================
Poverty rates, 2015.

Israel: 19.5%
Turkey: 17.2%
US: 16.8%
Mexico: 16.7%
Japan: 16.1%
Spain: 15.3%
Canada: 14.2%
S Korea: 13.8%
Italy: 13.7%
UK: 10.9%
Belgium: 9.8%
Germany: 9.5%
Sweden: 9.2%
Austria: 8.7%
France: 8.1%
Netherlands: 7.9%
Finland: 6.3%
Denmark: 5.5%

(OECD)
===============
Best student cities, 2017.

1. Montreal
2. Paris
3. London
4. Seoul
5. Melbourne
6. Berlin
7. Tokyo
8. Boston
9. Munich
10. Vancouver
11. Hong Kong
12. Toronto
13. Sydney
14. Singapore
15. Zurich
16. Vienna
17. Kyoto
18. Edinburgh
19. New York
20. Brisbane

(QS)
==============
Military strength, 2017.

1. US
2. Russia
3. China
4. India
5. France
6. UK
7. Japan
8. Turkey
9. Germany
10. Egypt
11. Italy
12. South Korea
13. Pakistan
14. Indonesia
15. Israel
16. Vietnam
17. Brazil
18. Taiwan
19. Poland
20. Thailand

(Global Firepower)
================
People in prison per 100,000 of population, 2017.

US: 666
Israel: 265
Turkey: 254
Chile: 237
Czech Republic: 216
Estonia: 213
NZ: 210
Poland: 196
Mexico: 192
Australia: 162
England & Wales: 145
Spain: 130
Canada: 114
France: 101
Italy: 93
Germany: 76
Japan: 45

(OECD)
==============
Interest rate.

Argentina: 27.25%
Iran: 18%
Egypt: 16.75%
Nigeria: 14%
Turkey: 8%
Mexico: 7.5%
Russia: 7.25%
Brazil: 6.5%
Vietnam: 6.25%
India: 6%
Pakistan: 6%
China: 4.35%
Saudi: 2.25%
US: 1.75%
Australia: 1.5%
S Korea: 1.5%
Canada: 1.25%
UK: 0.5%
Eurozone: 0%
Japan: -0.1%
==============
Share of road accident deaths that involved alcohol, 2015.

South Africa: 58%
Canada: 34%
US: 31%
Australia: 30%
France: 29%
Italy: 25%
UK: 16%
S Korea: 14%
Germany: 9%
Russia: 9%
Japan: 6%
Mexico: 5%
India: 5%
China: 4%
Turkey: 3%
Nigeria: 1%

(WHO)
===========
Quality of living, 2018.

1. Vienna
2. Zurich
3. Munich (tied)
3. Auckland (tied)
5. Vancouver
6. Dusseldorf
7. Frankfurt
8. Geneva
9. Copenhagen
10. Basel (tied)
10. Sydney (tied)

39. Paris
41. London
50. Tokyo
134. Istanbul
165. Riyadh
167. Moscow
212. Lagos

(Mercer)
==============
Web content by language, 2018.

English: 51.2%
Russian: 6.8%
German: 5.6%
Japanese: 5.5%
Spanish: 5.1%
French: 4.1%
Portuguese: 2.6%
Italian: 2.4%
Chinese: 2.1%
Polish: 1.7%
Persian: 1.7%
Turkish: 1.4%
Dutch: 1.3%
Korean: 1.0%
Czech: 0.9%
Arabic: 0.7%

(W3Techs
=============
Average spending from primary school to undergraduate level.

Hong Kong: $132,161
UAE: $99,378
Singapore: $70,939
US: $58,464
China: $42,892
Australia: $36,402
UK: $24,862
Mexico: $22,812
India: $18,909
Indonesia: $18,433
Egypt: $16,863
France: $16,708

(HSBC)
==============
– SCIENCE: The Peregrine Falcon has a maximum diving speed of 390 kilometres an hour.

– Apr 9, On this day in 1967, the Boeing 737 made its first flight. 10,000 of the aircraft have since been produced.

– Up to two million German women were raped during the Soviet occupation of Germany following World War II, according to historian Elizabeth Heineman.

– Bhutan’s constitution demands that at least 60% of the country be covered in forests. Currently, 72% is covered in forest.

– Apr 6, On this day in 1453, the Ottoman leader Mehmed II began the siege of Constantinople.

– Apr 6, On this day in 1896, the opening ceremony of the first modern Olympic Games was held in Athens.