जंग-ए-आज़ादी में “मौलाना मोहम्मद अली जौहर” की पत्नी ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान, क्या जानते हैं आप?

जंग-ए-आज़ादी में “मौलाना मोहम्मद अली जौहर” की पत्नी ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान, क्या जानते हैं आप?

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Sikander Kaymkhani
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#मुस्लिम_ख़्वातीन_स्वतंत्रता_सेनानी_जिनके_योगदान_को_भुला_दिया_गया_कट्टर_षड्यन्त्रकारी_हिन्दुओ_द्वारा
जंग-ए-आज़ादी में “मौलाना मोहम्मद अली जौहर” की पत्नी ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ का महत्वपूर्ण योगदान, क्या जानते हैं आप ???

जंग ए आज़ादी के क़द्दावर नेता और इंडियन नेशनल कांग्रेस के सदर रहे “मौलाना मोहम्मद अली जौहर” की पत्नी ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ ने अपने शौहर की तरह हिन्दुस्तान को आज़ादी दिलाने में अहम किरदार निभाया है। साथ ही उन्होने शिक्षा के प्रचार प्रसार में महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दिया जिसका एक नमुना आपको हमीदिया गर्लस स्कुल अल्लाहाबाद के रुप मे देखने को मिलेगा जो आज हमीदिया कालेज के नाम से जाना जाता है क़ौमी एत्तेहाद पैदा करने और मुसलमानों की तालीमी पसमांदगी को दूर करने के लिए 1920 मे कौमी इदारा जामिया मिल्लिया इस्लामिया कायम किया था पर जब ख़्वाजा अब्दुल हमीद सहेब जेल मे थे तब ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ ने जामिया मीलिया इस्लामिया का सारा दारो मदार अपने काँधे पर ले लिया था ये बताने को काफ़ी है की शिक्षा के प्रती उनका क्या ख़याल था। उन्होने ख़िलाफ़त तहरीक के लिए 1920 के समय 40 लाख रुपये का फंड बी अम्मा की मदद से जमा किया. मौलाना मोहम्मद अली की वालिदा बी अम्मा ने मरते दम तक तहरीके खिलाफ़त और मुसलमानों की बरतरी और एत्तेहाद के लिए जद्दोजेहद की मगर 13 नवम्बर 1924 को उनका इंतकाल हो गया। अपनी जिंदगी में उन्होंने अपनी बेटों को खिलाफत तहरीक को जिंदा रखने और ब्रिटिश साम्राज के खिलाफ जद्दोजेहदsk रखने की तलकीन की। और यही तालीम विरासत मे उनके बहुओं को भी मिला
वैसे बी अम्मा क्या थीं इसकी मिसाल इसी बात से मिल जाता है कि बी अम्मा को यह गुमान हो गया कि उनके बेटे (मोहम्मद अली व शौकत अली) ब्रिटिश साम्राज की गर्म सलाख़ों की तपिश बरदाश्त नहीं कर सके और माफी मांगकर बाहर आजादी की फ़जा में आना चाहते हैं ऐसे में एक मां को बेटों की आमद का इंतजार होना चाहिए था लेकिन वह मां थी जिसने कहा था कि अगर मेरे बेटों ने फिरंगियों से माफी मांग ली है और रिहा हो रहे हेै तो मेरे हाथों को अल्लाह इतनी कुवत दे कि मैं अपने हाथों से उनके गले दबा कर उन्हें हलाक कर दूं। ऐसी माओं की मिसाल नहीं मिलती। बी अम्मां खुद एक मिसाल हैं।
आबदी बानो बेगम ने अलीगढ़ मे खादी भंडार खुलवाया जिससे वो महिलाअो को स्वादेशी समान ख़रीदने के लिए प्रेरित करतीं थी और उन्हे रोजयगार मोहय्या कराती थीं. अवाम मे इंकलाब की मशाल जलाने के लिए “रोज़नाम हिन्द” के नाम से उर्दु अख़बार निकालना शुरु किया. 1930 मे लंडन मे हुए गोल मेज़ सम्मेलन मे भी अमजदी बानो बेगम ने अपने पती के साथ हिस्सा लिया था , 29 नवम्बर 1921 के यंग इंडिया मे गांधी जी ‘अमजदी बानो बेगम’ को ख़िताब करते हुए लिखते हैं :- ” एक बहादुर औरत ” और आगे वो लिखते हैं ‘ बेगम मोहम्मद अली जौहर के साथ कम करने पर मुझे बहुत चीज़ का तजुरबा हुआ, वो शुरु से ही अपने शौहर के साथ उनके मक़सद मे कंधे से कंधे मिला कर खड़ीं थी, उन्होने ख़िलाफ़त तहरीक के लिए फ़ंड जमा किये यहां तक के हम लोगो के साथ बिहार , बंगाल , आसाम जैसे रियासत के दौरे पर भी गई और लोगो के अंदर इंक़लाब का मशाल जलाया. मै ये कह सकता हुँ कि वो किसी भी सुरत मे अपने शौहर से कम नही थीँ… मद्रास समुंदर के किनारे एक अज़ीम जलसा मुनक़्क़िद किया गया था जिसमे बेगम मोहम्मद अली ने एक ज़बरदस्त इंक़लाबी तक़रीर की जिसे अवाम ने हाथो हाथ लिया.’
One name, Amjadi Begum, associated with the Indian Freedom Struggle needs no introduction. Principled, patriotic, self-respecting, honest, dignified, truthful, courageous, determined and committed to the cause are all the attributes which direct us to that great personality whom we all know as Amjadi Begum.
Amjadi Bano Begum was born in 1885 in a devoutly religious family of Rampur. Her father, Azmat Ali Khan, worked as a high official with Rampur State. Amjadi Bano lost her mother at a very young age and was brought up in the care of paternal grandmother and paternal aunts. She received her primary education at home.
Having a large and rich collection of religious books at home she helped herself achieve an extensive study of religion.
In 1902, when she was 17 years old, Amjadi Begum was married to the great freedom fighter Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar who at that time was studying in Oxford University.
After her marriage with Muhammad Ali Jauhar she embodied herself in all the respects of her husband. In one of his discourses Maulana Majid Daryabadi writes, ‘Amjadi Begum always remained appended with Maulana in every journey and attended every session of Khilafat Conference.
In 1921 she attended the session of All India National Congress Working Committee in Ahmadabad as a UP representative. Begum Sahiba was also a passionate leader of freedom struggle. Not only in ladies but also in men she imbued the spirit of freedom as well and so much that its forceful waves swept British imperialism away like weeds.’
Begum Sahiba’s greatest achievement in association with Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar’s mother Bi Amma, was to create political consciousness among Indian women.
In 1917 she attended the annual session of All India Muslim League. In 1920 she was appointed as Secretary (women’s wing) of All India Khilafat Committee. During this time Begum Sahiba and Bi Amma collected a contribution of Rs. 40 lakhs for the Khilafat Movement.
In his speech in the Constituent Assembly, charge sheeting Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, Malcolm Healey [Governor of UP] complained, ‘Even the women of his household collect donations and go on the rampage of inciting unrest.’
About the contributions of Indian women at the national level, Gandhiji, in his Young India of 29 November 1921, wrote a special article about Amjadi Begum entitled ‘A Brave Woman’. In it he wrote, ‘While working with Begum Muhammad Ali I had important experiences. Only last year she started helping her husband in his public affairs. It started with raising funds for Khilafat Movement. Since then she has been with us during our torturous journeys to Bihar, Assam and Bengal. I can say it with all the surety that she is in no way less skilful in oratory than her husband. In Madras on the seaside, a huge public meeting was organised. She delivered a speech on top of her voice that was heard intently and appreciated greatly by the public.’ [Translated from Urdu and not an original quote].
While Maulana Mohammad Ali was languishing in jail, all of his affairs outside the jail were managed by his mother and his wife. In 1930 Amjadi Begum attended the Round Table Conference along with her husband in London. Later she joined All India Muslim League and was also elected as a member of its working committee. After her joining the Muslim League all the other thousands of workers who were the fans of Muhammad Ali also took up its membership.
All India Muslim League’s annual meeting of 1937 in Lucknow was held under the chairmanship of Begum Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar. In its annual meeting in Patna in 1938 when Muslim League formed its women’s wing and constituted a women’s working committee then it was her that was appointed as its president.
Following this on the occasion of Muslim League’s historic annual meeting in Lahore in March 1940,an annual meeting of All India Women’s Muslim League Committee was held on 23 March at Habeebia Hall, Islamia College, Lahore attended by leading Muslim women activists from all over India. At this meeting Begum Amjadi Bano was elected as its president and women’s leader.
For the welfare of women she established a Khadi Bhandar at Aligarh. In order to spread the message of freedom of the motherland she launched an Urdu daily Roznama Hind edited by her. It carried interesting and high quality articles.
When Khawaja Abdul Majeed Saheb was arrested she took upon herself to supervise the tasks of Jamia Millia Islamia that he used to look after so that Jamia did not have any problem in running its affairs.
One of the major contributions of Begum Sahiba was also the establishment of Hameedia Girls School in Allahabad. Even today this school, now known as Hameedia College, continues to serve women’s education.
Begum Amjadi Bano had played important role in the general elections of 1946. She also contested and won a seat in UP on Muslim League’s ticket un-opposed but, sadly, on 28 March 1947 only a few months before the country was liberated from the chains of slavery she departed from this world for her heavenly abode.
All her life she struggled for the independence of her country and went on to leading the community in the right direction. It is in only in centuries awhile that a woman of her stature and strong will and determination is born to a nation. It would not be wrong to call her the only woman leader of her time. This is the duty of all of us to acquaint the new generations with Begum Sahiba’s political, social and educational achievements.
I pay my sincere tribute to Begum Sahiba.