ENGLISH NEWS International

A new era of relations between Egypt and Turkey began after President Erdogan’s visit to Cairo

A new era of relations between Egypt and Turkey began after President Erdogan’s visit to Cairo on Feb. 14. This is Erdogan’s first visit to Egypt for more than a decade due to a long freeze of relations after Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, then Egypt’s Defense minister, ousted President Mohammed Morsi from power in 2013.

Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood movement were close allies of Ankara, and Erdogan had previously said that he would never talk to “anyone” like Sisi. Erdogan would recurrently reference the 2013 Rabaa Massacre where Egypt’s security apparatus dispersed an anti-government sit-in killing more than 1,000 pro-Morsi supporters and injuring thousands of others. Erdogan’s pro-Muslim Brotherhood stance, his calls for Morsi’s release from prison and criticism of Sisi all drew the ire of Cairo.

However, relations have improved since 2021 when a Turkish delegation visited Cairo to discuss normalization of ties. Another pivotal moment was when the two leaders met in Qatar in 2022 and shook hands signaling at a new beginning in relations.
Erdogan and his Egyptian counterpart Abdel Fattah el-Sissi had a lot to discuss including trade. Despite a decade of undiplomatic relations, Turkey is Egypt’s fifth largest trade partner according to figures from Egypt’s central bank. The volume of trade exchange between Egypt and Turkey was $6.6 billion in 2023 with Sisi stating that the aim is to now expand this trade to 15 billion within the coming years.
Security was another major focus of the meeting as Cairo and Ankara are on opposite sides of the Libyan conflict but on the same page in ongoing conflicts in Sudan and Gaza. Both heads of state discussed the ongoing instability in the region with Erdogan saying he invited el-Sisi to visit Ankara “at the first opportunity”. #CGTNAmerica